A dragonfly is an insect. Adult dragonflies are characterized by large multifaceted eyes, two pairs of strong transparent wings, sometimes with colored patches, and an elongated body. Dragonflies are predators. Fossils of very large dragonfly ancestors in the Protodonata are found from 325 million years ago in Upper Carboniferous rocks; these had wingspans of up to about 750 mm (30 in). They are used in traditional medicine in Japan and China, and caught for food in Indonesia. They are symbols of courage, strength and happiness in Japan, but seen as sinister in European folklore. Their bright colors and agile flight are admired in the poetry of Alfred, Lord Tennyson and the prose of H. E. Bates.
Fun Fact: About 300 million years a ago dragonflies known as Meganeura were about 1 foot long and there wing spans were two and a half feet wide.
Common Tiger (Danaus genutia) Striped tiger. This is one of the most common butterflies of India. It looks similar to the monarch butterfly of south America. It is orange Tawny in color with black stripes and white spots hence called as the common tiger or striped tiger. It is found in India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar up-to South East Asia and Australia but does not occur in New Guinea.
Fun Fact: Butterflies have taste sensors on their feet. Most adult butterflies can’t bite or chew. Common Tiger butterflies fake death as a tactic to escape from predators.
When attacked it oozes liquid which makes it smell and taste terrible. It has the ability to recover soon after an attack. A single egg is laid under the leaves of the host plant.
The Naming of Indian Butterflies
The Butterfly Trail
Learning about Butterflies
Create a wildlife heaven
Life Cycle Butterflies and Moths
Pachystachys lutea, is a perennial (lasting or existing for a long time) herb. It is massed in beds or maintained as a background plant. It is also known by the common names Golden Candle plants or Lemon Lollipop Flowers and golden shrimp plant. It can reach a height of 36 to 48 inches. It needs full Sun, but during hot summer afternoons keep it in shade. Morning sun of 3 hours is essential for the flowers to bloom. It needs a well drained and moist soil. But let the soild dry for a day in between watering. Pinch the tips regularly this encourages bushy growth. They are ususly insect free but might sometimes get infected by spider mites and scale. To remove the infwctions use horticultural oil or insecticidal soap, which are safer than toxic pesticides. Golden Shrimp Plant can be easily propagated with 4″-6″ softwood or semi-ripe cuttings taken from non-blooming shoots.
Its scientific name is pronounced as puh-KISS-tuh-kiss LOO-tee-uh
Medicinal value please read the disclaimer
Use of Indigenous Plants in Traditional Health Care Systems by Mishing Tribe of Dikhowmukh, Sivasagar District, Assam warren buffet
Ethnobotany of Acanthaceae in the Mount Cameroon region
Evolvulus glomeratus is a shrub and is also known as Brazilian dwarf morning glory, Blue Daze, Hawaiian Blue Eyes. It needs full sun and a well drained soil. Do not over water let the soil dry in between watering. Each flowers lasts for a day. The flowers open in the morning and close by afternoon. Evolvulus glomeratus is native to Brazil and Paraguay. Bloom color is blue and bloom time is throughout the year. This plant can be propogated by stem cuttings, Seeds and by layering. Can be used in hanging baskets where full sun is available. Cascading down a wall, Border, edging. Flowers is reduced in partial shade. This is a fast growing plant and requires very low maintenance. Blue Daze is susceptible to fungus diseases during rainy season. The soil needs to be well-drained to help prevent root rot.
University of Florida Evolvulus glomeratus
Blue Daze – Evolvulus glomeratus is Deer Resistant
Gomphocarpus physocarpus or balloonplant is a perennial herb and is also known as balloon cotton-bush, bishop’s balls, swan plant, Goose plant, Giant swan milkweed, Hairy balls, Family jewels and Oscar. It is a milkweed, milkweed is named for its milky sap. Gomphocarpus physocarpus is native to southeast Africa. This plant is available in Plant nurseries in Pune and is used as a ornamental plant. It is named balloonplant as it has follicles that resemble a small balloon. A follicle is a dry fruit that is derived from a single carpel and opens on one side only to release its seeds. The SAP is poisonous. It needs moist well drained soil and full Sun. It is a food plant for the larva of the African monarch butterfly (Danaus chrysippus orientis). The caterpillars are immune to the poison. Also they pass the poison to the pupa and adult butterfly which protect them from predators.
Gomphocarpus physocarpus Syn. Asclepias physocarpa
GOMPHOCARPUS PHYSOCARPUS E. Mey. (APOCYNACEAE): A NEWSPECIES RECORD FOR THE NORTH-WEST HIMALAYA FROM RAJOURI (J & K), INDIA
Balloonplant is a food plant for the larva of the African monarch butterfly (Danaus chrysippus orientis). The caterpillars are immune to the poison. Also they pass the poison to the pupa and adult butterfly which protect them from predators.
Gomphocarpus physocarpusCommon Name:
Balloonplant, Balloon cotton-bush, bishop’s balls, swan plant, Goose plant, Giant swan milkweed, Hairy balls, Family jewels and Oscar.Native to:
Southeast AfricaSun Exposure:
Full SunMax Height:
2 metersDrought-tolerant:Propagation Methods:
Seeds, Stem CuttingsBloom Color :
White with shades of purpleBloom Time:
Summer Early FallFoliage:
PerennialInvasive potential: Invasive Global Invasive Species DatabaseUSDA Hardiness: 8 to 13b Uses:
Entertainment for kidsMaintenance:
Well drainedSoil pH:
5.7 acidic to 6.2 Acidic , Soil pH: What it Means
This plant is a perennial herb and does not require much maintenance. If kept in sun the plant flowers regularly. The flower attracts bees and other insects. Since most of the months in the year the plant blooms with flowers its a refreshing site and hence It is commonly cultivated as a garden flower. Its a low maintenance plant. Its a medicinal and is used in traditional medicine. please refer the links given below. Please read the disclaimer. It grows upto 80 cm in height and is also known as also known as Yellow Alder, White Alder, Yellow Buttercup, Politician’s Flower and Sage Rose. Once established, It is drought-tolerant.
This photograph was taken with Canon PowerShot SX50 HS. Most probably the flower is Asiatic lily. It is a bit difficult to differentiate between an Asiatic lily and an Oriental lily. Let me list the difference between the two below.
||They have Fragrance
||Do not multiply Rapidly
|Lot of variety
||Large Star Fish Like Flowers
It is a perennial herbaceous plant and grows in neutral soil. Does well in Sun to partial shade. Soil should be moist but well drained. It has vivid deep blue, white and light blue flowers. And it can be grown very easily from seeds. It grows as vine or a creeper. Once the plant flowers the pods appear in about 7 to 10 days. Each pod has 5 to 10 seeds. After sowing the seeds they germinate within 8 to 10 days. It does not require much care, and can be maintained easily. Its roots form a symbiotic association with soil bacteria known as rhizobia. This plant is medicinal (Please read the disclaimer). It has Antioxidant, Anti diabetic and hepatoprotective potential. Please see the publication links given below. It is used in traditional Ayurvedic, Chinese and Asian medicine. Clitoria ternatea along with Convolvulus pluricaulis and Evolvulus alsinoides are used as the source of Shankhpushpi.
Nootropic, anxiolytic and CNS-depressant studies on different plant sources of shankhpushpi.
Clitoria ternatea (APARAJITA): A REVIEW OF THE ANTIOXIDANT, ANTIDIABETIC AND HEPATOPROTECTIVE POTENTIALS
IN VITRO CYTOTOXIC ACTIVITY STUDIES OF CLITORIA TERNATEA LINN FLOWER EXTRACTS
Report on mycoflora associated with Clitoria ternatea L.: A herbal medicinal plant in Bangladesh
Antimicrobial Activity and Phytochemical Evaluation of Clitoria Ternatea
Seeds of Clitoria Ternatea or Aparajita
Mimosa pudica is both an annual and a perennial. It is a sensitive plant and responds to touch. If touched the leaves foldup in response. This plant is a great entertainment for kids. It is native to South America and Central America, and is now a pantropical weed. It was first described by Carl Linnaeus. Its common names include sensitive plant, humble plant, shameful plant, touch-me-not. In hindi it is called as Chui-mui or Lajwanti, in Bangla it is called as Lajjabati. In Malayalam it is called as Tintarmani. in Marathi it is called as Lajalu. One of the first person to study the movement of Mimosa pudica was Robert Hooke. Now some scientists believe that the movement of the leaves is a defense mechanism against some herbivores. When touched or if there is a disturbance on the leaves then some chemicals are released which force water out of the cell vacuoles this results in collapsing of the cells.
Mimosa pudica L. (Laajvanti): An overview
Pharmacology and Traditional Uses of Mimosa pudica
Books: Associative and Endophytic Nitrogen-fixing Bacteria and Cyanobacterial Associations
This plant is a great entertainment for KIDS
Mimosa pudica can form root nodules that are habitable by nitrogen fixing bacteria. These bacteria covnert nitrogen to a form that can be easily used by plants.
Mimosa Pudica exhibits the following properties
Nyctinastic movements – In the evening the leaves drop down until sunrise
Seismonastic movements – If the plant is touched or the if the branches are shaken, even if the plant is not watered or other stimuli leads to dropping down of the leaves temporarily.
Scientific Name: Mimosa pudica
Common Name: Touch Me not
Indian Name: Chui-mui or Lajwanti
Pronunciation: Mi-mosa pu-dica
Native to: South America and Central America
Found In: Pantropical Regions
Sun Exposure: Partly Shade
Max Height: 50 cm, grows upto 1 meter with support
Propagation Methods: Seeds, Stem Cuttings
Bloom Color : Pink
Bloom Time: Summer Early Fall
Invasive potential: Invasive Global Invasive Species Database
Plant Character: Creeper
USDA Hardiness: 11 to 13b
Uses: Entertainment for kids
Medicinal: Yes please see the disclaimer
Soil: Well drained
Soil pH: 6.4 slightly acidic to 7.5 Neutral , Soil pH: What it Means
Mandevilla species are native to the Southwestern United States, Mexico, Central America, the West Indies, and South America. They are perennials and need full Sun for flowering. They grow well in moist but well drained soil. The genus was named after Henry Mandeville (1773-1861), a British diplomat and gardener. Common name of Mandevilla is rocktrumpet. Mandevilla are tropical and subtropical flowering vines. The bloom colors are white, pink, and red. It can be propageted by seeds and soft wood cuttings. These p[lants flower all year round. It grows in hardiness zone 9 through 10. Mandevilla’s do get affected by pests, in fact Mandevilla’s get easily attacked by scale insects, mealybugs, red spider mites and whiteflies. Mandevilla’s should be protected from temperature going below 45 degrees. During winter you can place the plant indoors but make sure that it is kept in a bright location near the window.
Scientific Name: Mandevilla
Common Name: Mandevilla
Native to: Southwestern United States, Mexico, Central America, the West Indies, and South America
Sun Exposure: Full Sun
Max Height: Vine
Drought-tolerant: No, Needs well drained soil,
Propagation Methods: Seeds, Soft stem cuttings
Bloom Color : Pink, White, Red
Bloom Time: Throughout the year
Foliage: Ever Green
Invasive potential: Not Invasive, Invasive plants, Invasive.org, SANBI, Invasive Plants — A Horticultural Perspective
Pests and Diseases: Susceptible to scale insects, mealybugs, red spider mites and whiteflies. Plant Pests and Diseases, Plant health in gardens, Plant pests and diseases
Natural Enemy: Natural Enemies Listed by Pest, Mealy bugs destroyer, crab spider for Mealy bugs, lacewings for white flies, bigeyed bugs for whiteflies, and minute pirate bugs for white flies, Clitostethus arcuatus for white flies, Asian lady beetle for white flies, Encarsia formosa is available commercially, for red spider mites – Western predatory mite, Phytoseiulus persimilis, Natural enemies for Scale Insects – Twicestabbed lady beetle
Remedy: Pests in Gardens and Landscapes
Plant Character: Deer resistant
USDA Hardiness: 9 and 13b
Soil: Clay Soil, Dry Soil
Soil pH: Soil pH: What it Means, Soil: understanding pH and testing soil, Soil pH –