Plants and Flowers of India and Pune Pentas Egyptian Star Cluster

Pentas are Tropical and Sub-tropical shrubs.  They are native to Africa and Yemen. Pentas were named by George Bentham. They are also called as Egyptian Star Cluster or Egyptian Star flower. Pentas Bloom in shades of pink, red, violet and white,  and are starry five-petaled flowers that grow in clusters. In tropical and sub-tropical climates they are perennials – life is more than three years. They can grow upto 36 inches in USDA hardiness zone range 9a to 11. Pentas need a well drained soil. They flower in full sun to partial shade. During harsh summer keep them in partial shade.  Pentas that do not receive enough Sun become leggy. They bloom all year round and attract Butterflies, Bees, Sun birds and Humming birds. Soil PH requirements is 5.6 (acidic) to 6.5 (mild acidic). Propagation is by cuttings in spring and summer. Pentas can be used as butterfly beds.
White PentasSummary
Common Name: Pentas
Indian Name:
Pronunciation: Pen-tuss
Sun Exposure: Full Sun/Partial Shade min 4 hours of Sun daily
Max Height: 36 Inches
Drought-tolerant: No
Propagation Methods: Stem cuttings in Spring and Summer
Bloom Color : Pink, Red, Violet and white
Bloom Time: All year Round, Spring and Summer
Foliage: Green
Duration: Perennial
Invasive potential:  Not Invasive, See also Invasive and Noxious Plants , Invasive Plants of North America, Invasive Alien Plant Alert, Invasive Plants — A Horticultural Perspective
Pests and Diseases: Botrytis blight, Pythium , and Rhizoctonia See Also Plants Pests and Diseases, Plant health in gardens, Plant pests and diseases
Natural Enemy:
Disclaimer

Notice: The user of this information assumes all risks for personal injury or property damage.
Warning! Pesticides are poisonous. Read and follow all directions and safety precautions on labels. Handle carefully and store in original labeled containers out of the reach of children, pets, and livestock. Dispose of empty containers right away, in a safe manner and place. Do not contaminate forage, streams or ponds.
Remedy:  For Rhizoctonia Captain 400PythiumAzoxystrobin For Botrytis blight Strobilurins See also Plant Disease Diagnostic Clinic
Plant Character:
USDA Hardiness: Zones 9a to 11
Uses: Butterfly Beds
Maintenance: Low
Medicinal: No
Attraction: Butterflies, Sun Birds, Hummingbird, Bees
Soil: Well drained and moist
Soil pH: 5.6 to 6.5. Soil pH: What it Means,Soil: understanding pH and testing soil, Soil PH

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Plants and Flowers of Pune Petunia Care

Petunia originated in South America. Petunia is an annual plant. Petunia needs at least five hours of sunlight every day. Petunias need well drained but moist soil. Keep them away from rain. Petunias cannot tolerate heavy rain, but need a lot of sunlight. Water when the soil gets dry. To improve flowering remove the flower stalk (Peduncle). If you do not remove the stalk the plant starts to seed, and once it seeds the life cycle of the plant ends. The bloom time starts from Summer and goes till autumn. Petunia comes in may different colors for example White, Red, Purple, Pink, Yellow, Burgundy, light purple, Purple-lavender, Lime Green, black berry. Petunia seeds need light to germinate, so just press the seeds in soil but do not cover the seeds. They need 7 to 21 days to germinate. Botrytis blight frequently affects Petunias following damp cloudy weather.
Petunia
Summary
Common Name: Petunia
Indian Name:
Pronunciation: pe·tu·nia
Sun Exposure: Full Sun/Partial Shade min 5 hours of Sun daily
Max Height: 18 Inches
Drought-tolerant: No
Propagation Methods: Seeds, just press the seeds on soil, do not sow deep. Seeds need sunlight to germinate.
Bloom Color : White, Red, Purple, Pink, Yellow, Burgundy, light purple, Purple-lavender, Lime Green, black berry.  Colors of Petunia
Bloom Time: Summer to Autumn
Foliage: Green
Duration: Annual
Invasive potential:  Not Invasive, Invasive and Noxious Plants , Invasive Plants of North America, Invasive Alien Plant Alert, Invasive Plants — A Horticultural Perspective
Pests and Diseases: Botrytis blight, Plants Pests and Diseases, Plant health in gardens, Plant pests and diseases
Natural Enemy:
Remedy: Chlorothalonil, Neem oil, Bacillus subtilis, or Potassium Bicarbonate See also Plant Disease Diagnostic Clinic
Plant Character: Single or double flowers, Single shades, Bi-colored
USDA Hardiness: Zones 9 to 11
Uses: Bedding, Ground Cover, Hanging Pots
Maintenance: Low
Medicinal: No
Attraction: Hummingbird
Soil: Well drained and moist
Soil pH: 6.0 to 7.0. Soil pH: What it Means,Soil: understanding pH and testing soil, Soil PH

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Plants and Flowers of India and Pune Begonia Semperflorens

Begonia x semperflorens-cultorum is also known as Wax Begonia or Bedding Begonia. They are native to moist tropical and sub-tropical climates. They are stemmed,  rhizomatous, or tuberous. Begonias grow well in shade as well as full Sun. Begonia can tolerate hot and humid summer. They can be propagated by seeds, Stem Cuttings, Leaf cuttings and Tubers. Since the seeds are tiny and they need sunlight to germinate do not sow them underground, place them on the soil where they can get enough Sunlight. They can tolerate short period of drought. Begonias have separate male and female flowers on the same plant. The female flowers have seeds where as the male flowers do not have them. They need rich well drained soil.
Begonia x semperflorens-cultorum
Summary
Common Name: Begonia
Indian Name:
Pronunciation: Bee-go-nee-yuh
Sun Exposure: Full Sun (avoid full sun in warmer climates), Partial shade, Shade
Max Height: 1 Feet
Drought-tolerant: Yes
Propagation Methods: Seeds, Tip and stem cuttings, Rhizome Cuttings
Bloom Color : Red, Pink, White
Bloom Time: All year round in warmer climates, Late spring, Early summer, Mid-summer, Late summer, Early fall
Foliage:  Green, Variegated, or Bronze-Colored.
Duration: Perennial, Annual
Invasive potential: Not invasive  ,  Invasive.org
Pests and Diseases: Mealybug
Natural Enemy: Cryptolaemus montrouzieri, common name Mealybug Ladybird, Parasitoids Tiny Wasps, Some parasitic fungi. Natural Enemies Listed by Pest. See also The Wasps That Rule The World
Organic Control: 1) Neem Oil, 2) Use horticultural glues around tree trunks, 3) Make your own spray with liquid dish soap, water, Peppermint Essential Oil, Cayenne Pepper.
Chemical Control: Mealybugs Control, Mealybugs
Plant Character: Deer resistant
USDA Hardiness: 6 to 9
Uses: Bedding plants, House plants
Maintenance: Low
Medicinal: No
Attraction: Bees
Soil: Well drained and moist.
Soil pH: 5.6 to 6.5 Soil pH: What it Means , Soil: understanding pH and testing soil

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Plants and Flowers of India French Marigold Tagetes Patula

The French marigold (Tagetes patula) is an annual plant. It is native to Mexico and Guatemala (Guatemala -distinguished by its steep volcanoes). In tropical climates it blooms from July to October. In hindi it is called as Genda, in Marathi it is called as Jhenduphool, in Konkani it is called as Gondephool. They are easy to grow. It grows well in heavy clay soils and in sandy soils. The flowers are blended red and yellow. To give yolks the golden color these flowers are added to the poultry feed. It is also used in the production of Dyes,  Insecticides and Repellents. It is used in producing essential oil, and is blended with sandalwood oil to produce ‘attar genda’ perfume. Flowering decreases in the heat of the summer, but will resume in cooler weather. French marigold (Tagetes patula) is planted in butterfly gardens to attract butterflies as it is a good source of nectar.
French marigold (Tagetes patula)
See also
International Research Journal of Pharmacy, NCBI, Research Gate
Summary
Pronunciation: tuh-JEE-teez puh-TOOL-luh
Sun Exposure: Full Sun
Max Height: 24 Inches
Drought-tolerant: No
Propagation Methods: Seeds
Bloom Color :  Yellow, Orange, Red and bicolor
Foliage: Green
Duration: Annual
Flowering Season: June to October – November
Invasive potential: Not Invasive
Pests and Diseases: Botrytis blight
Plant Character: Showy, Fragrant,
USDA Hardiness Zone: 2 to 11
Uses: Beds, Edgings, Containers in some countries it is extensively used in festivals, and in making garlands
Maintenance: Low
Medicinal: Yes
Attraction: Hummingbirds, Butterflies
Soil: Well drained but moist.
Soil pH: Acid, Neutral, Alkaline pH range 6.0 to 8.0

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Plants and Flowers of India and Pune Kalanchoe Blossfeldiana

Kalanchoe blossfeldiana is native to Madagascar and is a succulent plant. It is also known as flaming Katy, Christmas kalanchoe, florist kalanchoe and Madagascar widow’s-thrill. It blooms in the following colors:  shades of bright orange, pink, yellow, red, and white. In the year 1927 the original Kalanchoe was brought from Africa to Paris. A seed merchant Robert Blossfeld from Germany turned Kalanchoe into a house plant and then it was introduced in the market. Blossfeld’s name was attached to the plant and hence the name Kalanchoe blossfeldiana.  The original name Kalanchoe came from Chinese Kalanchauhuy.  The genus was first described by the botanist Michel Adanson in 1763. Kalanchoes are easy to propagate, and have low water requirements. Kalanchoe blossfeldiana need a lot of light to grow, with enough light the leaves develop a beautiful reddish outline. Once the the day starts getting shorter  the plant starts blooming. Kalanchoe can be damaged by over watering, hence it is better to allow the soil to dry slightly between watering. These plants are the food plant of the caterpillars of Red Pierrot butterfly.
Kalanchoe blossfeldiana
Sun Exposure: Morning Sun for about 4 hours. Afternoon Shade.
Max Height: 36 inches.
Drought-tolerant: Yes, Do not over water, let the soil dry slightly between watering.
Propagation Methods: 3-4″ stem cuttings, Seeds
Bloom Color :  Bright orange, pink, yellow, red, and white
Foliage: Ever Green
Duration: Perennial
Flowering Season: Kalanchoes are photo periodic, ie. bloom in response to the length of day. Bloom in early Spring, Summer and Winter in warmer climates
Invasive potential: Not Invasive
Pests and Diseases: Powdery Mildew, Phytophthora, and Pythium.
Temperature: They prefer warmer climate, temp should not fall below 55ºF (12.7 °C) Convert: Celsius Fahrenheit Fahrenheit to Celsius Temperature Conversions
USDA Hardiness Zone: 9b to 12
Soil pH: Between 5.0 and 6.5.
Maintenance:  Low, Prune and shape Kalanchoe after flowering this facilitates branching and flowering
Medicinal: Yes

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Butterflies of India Red Pierrot Talicada Nyseus

The Red Pierrot (Talicada nyseus) is found in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives and South East Asia – geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia. In the Red Pierrot both the males and females have black or brownish back and an orange-red patch on the front side of the wings.  When the wings open the butterfly appears brownish black and orange. The brownish black color extends from the fore wings to the hind wings and an orange patch only on the hind wings. When the wings close Red Pierrot appears white, orange and black, with many white and black dots scattered on the wings.  Again the orange patch is only at the bottom of the hind wings. The fore wings and upper side of the hind wings are white. One of Its food plant is  Kalanchoe. The host plant is KalanchoeBryophyllum pinnatum. The Red Pierrot smells with  antennae, palps, legs, and many other parts of the body. All these parts have smell  receptors.  The Red Pierrot (Talicada nyseus)  have taste sensors on their feet.
Red Pierrot (Talicada nyseus)
Red Pierrot (Talicada nyseus)
Quote on butterflies by George Carlin an American stand-up comedian, social critic, actor, and author.
“The caterpillar does all the work but the butterfly gets all the publicity”
The host plant of Red Pierrot (Talicada nyseus) is KalanchoeBryophyllum pinnatum.
Bryophyllum pinnatum

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Plants and Flowers of India and Pune Jacquemontia violacea Skyblue Clustervine

Jacquemontia violacea is commonly called as Skyblue Clustervine. It is native to tropical America. The plant belongs to  Convolvulaceae (Morning glory family). It grows well in Sun, during harsh summer in hotter climates keep in semi shade during afternoons. The flowers attract butterflies, bees and even sun birds. This plant was named in honor of Victor Jacquemont, a French Naturalist. The stems are delicate, dead stems should be removed to encourage growth.  Jacquemontia violacea is a perennial and needs moderate watering. The soil should be well drained. It can be propagated by stem cuttings or by layering.
Jacquemontia violacea is commonly called as Skyblue ClustervineSummary
Sun Exposure: Full Sun, In hotter climates Temp above 35 degrees Celsius 90degrees  Fahrenheit Keep in semi shade
Max Height: 12 feet
Drought-tolerant: No, but do not over water, wait till soil gets dry then water the plant.
Propagation Methods: Stem cuttings, Layering
Bloom Color:  Sky Blue
Foliage: Ever Green
Duration: Perennial (Life more than 3 years)
Flowering Season: All through the year specially after monsoons and during winter (In India)
Invasive potential: Not Invasive
Pests and Diseases: Whiteflies and Spider Mites Treatment Insecticidal soap, neem oil, or botanical insecticides.
Plant Character: Creepers
USDA Hardiness Zone: 9b to 11 Plant Hardiness Zone
Uses: Ground Cover, Covering Trellises
Maintenance:  Low

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Plants and Flowers of India and Pune Anthurium Flamingo Flower

Anthurium is native to America. It is also called as flamingo flower, tailflower, Flamingo-lily, laceleaf. In Greek, the name Anthurium means tail flower. The plant contains calcium oxalate which is poisonous. Anthuriums need a well drained soil. These days It is planted usually in Cocopeat.  The spathe is usually heart-shaped. The flowers are on the spadix above the spathe. Anthuriums need full shade and can also be grown indoors in a brightly lit area. Anthurium need high light but do not tolerate direct sunlight. Water the plants sparingly about once or twice a week. If the leaves turn yellow or brown it may be a sign of over watering. Hence a good strategy would be to allow the soil to dry slightly before watering. Anthurium comes in the following colors Orange, Red, Pink, Black (Dark Brown), Purple, Green, White, Dark Blue, Light Blue, Cream, Shaded, Bicolor, Mango Color (Yellow). Every 4 months give a dose of Epsom Salt 2 tablespoons of Epsom Salt in a gallon of water. For Colors of Anthurium see Kalani Tropicals and Style Craze also TNAU Agritech Portal Anthuriums can be propagated by Stem Cuttings, Division, Seeds and Tissue Culture. This plant is available in Plant Nurseries of Pune.
Anthurium, flamingo flower, tailflower, Flamingo-lily, laceleaf
Summary
Sun Exposure: Full Shade, No direct Sunlight, But they need a bright area
Max Height: 20 Inches
Drought-tolerant: No, Water sparingly, twice a week
Propagation Methods: Stem Cuttings, Division, Seeds and Tissue Culture
Bloom Color :  Orange, Red, Pink, Black (Dark Brown), Purple, Green, White, Dark Blue, Light Blue, Cream, Shaded, Bicolor, Mango Color (Yellow). Kalani Tropicals and Style Craze also TNAU Agritech Portal
Foliage: Green
Duration: perennial
Flowering Season: All year round
Invasive potential: Not Invasive
Pests and Diseases: Powdery Mildew, Aphids, Spider Mites: Check EDIS, My Agriculture Information Bank, Pest Management For Anthuriums
USDA Hardiness Zone: 10a to 11
Maintenance:  Low

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Plants and Flowers of India and Pune Gloxinias Sinningia Speciosa

Sinningia speciosa also called as Gloxinias are perennials and are native to Brazil. They are tuberous rooted plants – that is they are plants growing from a tuber. Gloxinias should be kept in shade during afternoons. In fact it is better to place them in such a way that they either get morning Sun or evening Sun. They can also be grown indoors with sufficient light. Basically they grow well in shade and should be kept away from harsh Sun. Water regularly keep the soil moist but it should be well drained. They can be grown from stem cuttings, division or from seeds. They can be easily grown from Leaf cuttings, Stem cuttings, Division and Seeds  note that, it takes about seven months to flower once the seeds germinate.  The seeds need sunlight to germinate. The primary nutrients of a plant are nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (N-P-K). Its a good practice to either add organic fertilizers rich in N-P-K or use a fertilizer solution with strength 5-10-5. Examples of organic fertilizers are  Shrimp Waste, Crab Waste, Fish Meal, Bone Meal, Cattle manure Refer this oregonstate.edu and this ecochem
Sinningia speciosa, Gloxinias Sun Exposure: Shade or Indoors with a bright light spot
Max Height: 8 inches
Drought-tolerant: No
Propagation Methods: Leaf cuttings, Seeds, stems with the calyx still attached, Tubers, Division
Bloom Color :  Red, Purple, White, Pink, Shades of Purple, bi-color, Spotted
Foliage: Green
Duration: Perennials
Flowering Season: July, August
Invasive potential: Not Invasive
Pests and Diseases: Powdery mildew use wettable sulfur fungicide, Stem rot use  captan fungicide, aphids, thrips, mealy bugs, or whiteflies use Neem Oil See also hightunnels
Plant Character: Single or Double flowers
USDA Hardiness Zone: 5a to 10b
Uses: Indoor, Shade
Maintenance: Low
Medicinal: No

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Plants and Flowers of India and Pune Thunbergia Alata

Thunbergia alata also called as Black-eyed Susan vine is native to South Africa. Thunbergia, was named in 1780 by Retzius, after Carl Peter Thunberg (1743-1828), a Swedish botanist. It is a perennial climber. Different varieties and colors of Thunbergia are red, orange, red-orange,  pale yellow, Lemon Yellow or bright yellow and White all with a black eye. Thunbergia gregorii is orange and doesn’t have a black eye white, Thunbergia battiscombei is blue and it doesn’t have a black eye-white, Thunbergia grandiflora  is White and again it doesn’t have a black eye-white, Thunbergia erecta is purple and is bushy. Thunbergia alata grows easily with seeds.  It needs moist but well drained soil. Should be grown in full Sun, but in hotter climates better to keep in shade in the afternoons. you may also like to keep it in partial shade in hot summer and in full sun during winter and monsoons.
Thunbergia alata or Black-eyed Susan vine is available in plant nurseries of Pune
Thunbergia alata, Black-eyed Susan vine
Summary
Sun Exposure:
Full Sun/ Partial Shade. In hot climates Partial Shade
Max Height: 10 feet
Drought-tolerant: No
Propagation Methods: Seeds, From herbaceous stem cuttings, Simple Layering
Soil pH requirements: 6.0 to 7.8
Bloom Color :  Red, Orange, Red-Orange,  Pale Yellow, Lemon Yellow or bright Yellow
Foliage: Green
Duration: Perennial
Category: Vines and Climbers
Flowering Season: Flowers throughout the year, mostly in spring and summer.
Invasive potential: Invasive Source: Invasive Plant Database and CABI
Pests and Diseases: Whiteflies  neem oil and Spider Mites neem oil
USDA Hardiness Zone: 9a to 11
Uses: Hanging Baskets
Maintenance:  Low
Medicinal: No

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