Petunia is genus of 35 species of flowering plants of South American origin, closely related to tobacco, cape gooseberries, tomatoes, deadly nightshades, potatoes and chili peppers in the family Solanaceae. The popular flower of the same name derived its epithet from the French, which took the word petun, meaning “tobacco,” from a Tupi–Guarani language. An annual, most of the varieties seen in gardens are hybrids.Petunias can tolerate relatively harsh conditions and hot climates. They need at least five hours of sunlight every day. They grow well in low humidity, moist soil. Young plants can be grown from seeds. In drier regions, the plants should be watered daily.
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Chrysanthemums were first cultivated in China as a flowering herb as far back as the 15th century BC. The flower heads occur in various forms, and can be daisy-like or decorative, like pompons or buttons. This genus contains many hybrids and thousands of cultivars developed for horticultural purposes. Chrysanthemums are also known as Guldaudi. In hindi they are called as Chandramallika, in Manipuri Chandramukhi, in Tamil Saamandi, and Javandi, in Marathi they are called as Shevanti.
Solanum melongena is a species of nightshade grown for its edible fruit. It has several common names; in American, Canadian and Australian English it is called eggplant, in British English aubergine. It is known in South Asia, Southeast Asia and South Africa as brinjal. Other common names are melongene, garden egg, or guinea squash. The fruit is widely used in cooking, most notably as an important ingredient in dishes such as moussaka and ratatouille, Baingan ka bharta and Bharli Wangi. As a member of the genus Solanum, it is related to both the tomato and the potato. Some 18th-century European cultivars were yellow or white and resembled goose or hen’s eggs, hence the name “eggplant”.
Cordia sebestena is a species of flowering plant that is native to the American tropics. It ranges from southern Florida in the United States and The Bahamas southwards throughout Central America and the Greater Antilles. Common names include siricote or kopté scarlet cordia on Jamaica, and Geiger Tree in Florida. Cordia sebestena tolerates drought but not frost. It can grow upto 25 to 30 feet tall. Cordia Sebestena can grow in full sun as well as partial shade. It also tolerates salty sprays hence can be planted on sea sides. Prpagation is by seeds.
Clerodendrum wallichii is native to India. This plant flowers from October to April. It has beautiful white flowers and the bunch of flowers drops downwards. Its common names are as follows Bridal veil Nodding Clerodendron, Wallich’s glorybower, Nutan bleeding heart. This shrub should be protected from harsh winter. It grows to about 1 to 2 meters.
Dianthus is a genus of about 300 species of flowering plants in the family Caryophyllaceae, native mainly to Europe and Asia, with a few species extending south to north Africa, and arctic North America. Common names include carnation and sweet william. The species are mostly herbaceous perennials, a few are annual or biennial, and some are low subshrubs with woody basal stems.
Gerbera is a genus of plants in the (daisy family). It was named in honor of German botanist and medical doctor Traugott Gerber. Gerbera is native to tropical regions of South America, Africa and Asia. Gerbera is also commonly known as the African Daisy. Gerbera is very popular and widely used as a decorative garden plant or as cut flowers. The domesticated cultivars are mostly a result of a cross between Gerbera jamesonii and another South African species Gerbera viridifolia. The cross is known as Gerbera hybrida. They vary greatly in shape and size. Colors include white, yellow, orange, red, and pink. The center of the flower is sometimes black. Often the same flower can have petals of several different colors. Gerbera is also important commercially. It is the fifth most used cut flower in the world (after rose, carnation, chrysanthemum, and tulip). It is also used as a model organism in studying flower formation.
Pseuderanthemum reticulatum, does not need much of maintenance. It is also called Yellow-Vein Eranthemum and Golden Pseuderanthemum. Its a refreshing plant, the new leaves are yellowish green and the convert into dark green as they age. It is native to Polynesia (Polynesia is a sub region of Oceania, made up of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean.). It can be easily propagated by cuttings. It can be grown as a hedge along roadside as this plants tends to become more dense due to pruning.
Caesalpinia pulcherrima is a species of flowering plant in the pea family, Fabaceae, that is native to the tropics and subtropics of the Americas. It could be native to the West Indies,but its exact origin is unknown due to widespread cultivation. Common names for this species include Poinciana, Peacock Flower, Red Bird of Paradise, Mexican Bird of Paradise, Dwarf Poinciana, Pride of Barbados, and flamboyant-de-jardin.
It is a shrub growing to 3 m tall. The leaves are bipinnate, 20–40 cm long,bearing 3-10 pairs of pinnae,each with 6-10 pairs of leaflets 15–25 mm long and 10–15 mm broad. The flowers are borne in racemes up to 20 cm long, each flower with five yellow, orange or red petals. The fruit is a pod 6–12 cm long. In hindi it is called guletura, in marathi Sankasur, in telugu its called ratnagandhi, in Kannada it is called Kenjige, In Oriya Krishnochuda, In Tamil Mayurkonrai, In Malayalam Settimandaram In Bangla Krishnachura, and in Sanskrit: Sidhaky.
Baum’s Nipple Cactus is native to Mexico. This cactus multiples easily. If you plant one in a Pot slowly the complete pot will get covered. Its Botanical name is Mammillaria baumii . It flowers usually in July. The flowers are yellow-white in color and they do attract bees. The stems are spherical shaped and vary in size usually 2 to 5 inches. Mammillaria is one of the largest genus in the cactus family it has about 200 recognized species. Mammillaria seems to be very popular genus and you can find them in most of the nurseries.