Plants and Flowers of India and Pune Evolvulus glomeratus Brazilian dwarf morning glory

Evolvulus glomeratus is a shrub and is also known as Brazilian dwarf morning glory, Blue Daze, Hawaiian Blue Eyes. It needs full sun and a well drained soil. Do not over water let the soil dry in between watering. Each flowers lasts for a day. The flowers open in the morning and close by afternoon. Evolvulus glomeratus is native to Brazil and Paraguay.  Bloom color is blue and bloom time is throughout the year. This plant can be propogated by stem cuttings, Seeds and by layering.  Can be used in hanging baskets where full sun is available.  Cascading down a wall, Border, edging. Flowers is reduced in partial shade. This is a fast growing plant and requires very low maintenance.  Blue Daze is susceptible to fungus diseases during rainy season.  The soil needs to be well-drained to help prevent root rot.
Evolvulus glomeratus
See also
University of Florida Evolvulus glomeratus

Blue Daze – Evolvulus glomeratus is Deer Resistant

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Plants and Flowers of India and Pune Balloonplant Gomphocarpus physocarpus

Gomphocarpus physocarpus or balloonplant is a perennial herb and is also known as balloon cotton-bush, bishop’s balls, swan plant, Goose plant, Giant swan milkweed, Hairy balls, Family jewels and Oscar. It is a milkweed,  milkweed is named for its milky sap. Gomphocarpus physocarpus is native to southeast Africa. This plant is available in Plant nurseries in Pune and is used as a ornamental plant. It is named balloonplant as it has follicles that resemble a small balloon. A follicle is a dry fruit that is derived from a single carpel and opens on one side only to release its seeds. The SAP is poisonous.  It needs moist well drained soil and full Sun. It is a food plant for the larva of the African monarch butterfly (Danaus chrysippus orientis). The caterpillars are immune to the poison. Also they pass the poison to the pupa and adult butterfly which protect them from predators.Gomphocarpus physocarpus or balloonplant

See Also
Gomphocarpus physocarpus Syn. Asclepias physocarpa
Gomphocarpus physocarpus
GOMPHOCARPUS PHYSOCARPUS E. Mey. (APOCYNACEAE): A NEWSPECIES RECORD FOR THE NORTH-WEST HIMALAYA FROM RAJOURI (J & K), INDIA

Balloonplant is a food plant for the larva of the African monarch butterfly (Danaus chrysippus orientis). The caterpillars are immune to the poison. Also they pass the poison to the pupa and adult butterfly which protect them from predators.

Summary
Scientific Name: Gomphocarpus physocarpus
Common Name: Balloonplant, Balloon cotton-bush, bishop’s balls, swan plant, Goose plant, Giant swan milkweed, Hairy balls, Family jewels and Oscar.
Native to: Southeast Africa
Sun Exposure: Full Sun
Max Height: 2 meters
Drought-tolerant:
Propagation Methods: Seeds, Stem Cuttings
Bloom Color : White with shades of purple
Bloom Time: Summer Early Fall
Foliage: Evergreen
Duration: Perennial
Invasive potential: Invasive Global Invasive Species Database
USDA Hardiness: 8 to 13b
Uses: Entertainment for kids
Maintenance: Low
Medicinal: No
Attraction: Butterflies, Insects
Soil: Well drained
Soil pH: 5.7 acidic to 6.2 Acidic , Soil pH: What it Means

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Plants and Flowers of Pune and India Turnera Subulata Medicinal Properties

This plant is a perennial herb and does not require much maintenance. If kept in sun the plant flowers regularly. The flower attracts bees and other insects. Since most of the months in the year the plant blooms with flowers its a refreshing site and hence It is commonly cultivated as a garden flower. Its a low maintenance plant. Its a medicinal and is used in traditional medicine. please refer the links given below. Please read the disclaimer.  It grows upto 80 cm in height and is also known as also known as Yellow Alder, White Alder, Yellow Buttercup, Politician’s Flower and Sage Rose. Once established, It is drought-tolerant.
Turnera subulata

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Plants and Flowers of India and Pune Asiatic Lilies VS Oriental Lilies

This photograph was taken with Canon PowerShot SX50 HS. Most probably the flower is Asiatic lily. It is a bit difficult to differentiate between an Asiatic lily and an Oriental lily. Let me list the difference between the two below.
Asiatic Lily

Asiatic Lily Oriental Lily
No Fragrance They have Fragrance
Multiply Rapidly Do not multiply Rapidly
Lot of variety Less Variety
More Colors Less Colors
Medium Sized Large Star Fish Like Flowers

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Medicinal Uses of Clitoria Ternatea or Aparajita

It is a perennial herbaceous plant and grows in neutral soil. Does well in Sun to partial shade. Soil should be moist but well drained. It has vivid deep blue, white and light blue flowers. And it can be grown very easily from seeds. It grows as vine or a creeper. Once the plant flowers the pods appear in about 7 to 10 days. Each pod has 5 to 10 seeds. After sowing the seeds they germinate within 8 to 10 days. It does not require much care, and can be maintained easily. Its roots form a symbiotic association with soil bacteria known as rhizobia. This plant is medicinal (Please read the disclaimer). It has Antioxidant, Anti diabetic and hepatoprotective potential. Please see the publication links given below. It is used in traditional Ayurvedic, Chinese and Asian medicine. Clitoria ternatea along with Convolvulus pluricaulis and Evolvulus alsinoides are used as the source of Shankhpushpi.

Clitoria ternatea

butterfly pea

Nootropic, anxiolytic and CNS-depressant studies on different plant sources of shankhpushpi.
See Also
Clitoria ternatea (APARAJITA): A REVIEW OF THE ANTIOXIDANT, ANTIDIABETIC AND HEPATOPROTECTIVE POTENTIALS
IN VITRO CYTOTOXIC ACTIVITY STUDIES OF CLITORIA TERNATEA LINN FLOWER EXTRACTS
Report on mycoflora associated with Clitoria ternatea L.: A herbal medicinal plant in Bangladesh
Antimicrobial Activity and Phytochemical Evaluation of Clitoria Ternatea

Seeds of Clitoria Ternatea or Aparajita
butterfly pea Pods_300 butterfly pea Seeds_300

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Plants and Flowers of India and Pune Mimosa pudica Touch me not

Mimosa pudica is both an annual and a perennial. It is a sensitive plant and responds to touch. If touched the leaves foldup in response.  This plant is a great entertainment for kids. It is native to South America and Central America, and is now a pantropical weed. It was first described by  Carl Linnaeus.  Its common names include sensitive plant, humble plant, shameful plant, touch-me-not. In hindi it is called as Chui-mui or Lajwanti, in Bangla it is called as Lajjabati. In Malayalam it is called as Tintarmani. in Marathi it is called as Lajalu. One of the first person to study the movement of Mimosa pudica was Robert Hooke. Now some scientists believe that the movement of the leaves is a defense mechanism against some herbivores. When touched or if there is a disturbance on the leaves then some chemicals are released which force water out of the cell vacuoles this results in collapsing of the cells.
Mimosa pudica
See also:
Mimosa pudica L. (Laajvanti): An overview
Pharmacology and Traditional Uses of Mimosa pudica
Books: Associative and Endophytic Nitrogen-fixing Bacteria and Cyanobacterial Associations

This plant is a great entertainment for KIDS

Mimosa pudica can form root nodules that are habitable by nitrogen fixing bacteria. These bacteria covnert nitrogen to a form that can be easily used by plants.

Mimosa Pudica exhibits the following properties
Nyctinastic movements – In the evening the leaves drop down until sunrise
Seismonastic movements – If the plant is touched or the if the branches are shaken, even if the plant is not watered or other stimuli leads to dropping down of the leaves temporarily. 

Summary
Scientific Name: Mimosa pudica 
Common Name: Touch Me not
Indian Name: Chui-mui or Lajwanti
Pronunciation: Mi-mosa pu-dica
Native to: South America and Central America
Found In: Pantropical Regions
Sun Exposure: Partly Shade
Max Height: 50 cm, grows upto 1 meter with support
Drought-tolerant:
Propagation Methods: Seeds, Stem Cuttings
Bloom Color : Pink
Bloom Time: Summer Early Fall
Foliage: Evergreen
Duration: Perennial
Invasive potential: Invasive Global Invasive Species Database
Plant Character: Creeper
USDA Hardiness: 11 to 13b
Uses: Entertainment for kids
Maintenance: Low
Medicinal: Yes please see the disclaimer
Attraction:
Soil: Well drained
Soil pH: 6.4 slightly acidic to 7.5 Neutral , Soil pH: What it Means

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Plants and Flowers of India and Pune Mandevilla

Mandevilla species are native to the Southwestern United States, Mexico, Central America, the West Indies, and South America. They are perennials and need full Sun for flowering. They grow well in moist but well drained soil. The genus was named after Henry Mandeville (1773-1861), a British diplomat and gardener. Common name of Mandevilla is rocktrumpet. Mandevilla are tropical and subtropical flowering vines. The bloom colors are white, pink, and red.  It can be propageted by seeds and soft wood cuttings. These p[lants flower all year round. It grows in hardiness zone 9 through 10. Mandevilla’s do get affected by pests, in fact Mandevilla’s get easily attacked  by scale insects, mealybugs, red spider mites and whiteflies. Mandevilla’s should be protected from temperature going below 45 degrees. During winter you can place the plant indoors but make sure that it is kept in a bright location near the window.
Mandevilla
Summary
Scientific Name: Mandevilla
Common Name: Mandevilla
Indian Name:
Pronunciation: Man-dev-illa
Native to: Southwestern United States, Mexico, Central America, the West Indies, and South America
Found In:
Sun Exposure: Full Sun
Max Height: Vine
Drought-tolerant: No, Needs well drained soil,
Propagation Methods: Seeds, Soft stem cuttings
Bloom Color : Pink, White, Red
Bloom Time: Throughout the year
Foliage: Ever Green
Duration: Perennial
Invasive potential: Not Invasive, Invasive plants, Invasive.org, SANBI, Invasive Plants — A Horticultural Perspective
Pests and Diseases: Susceptible to scale insects, mealybugs, red spider mites and whiteflies. Plant Pests and Diseases, Plant health in gardens, Plant pests and diseases
Natural Enemy: Natural Enemies Listed by Pest, Mealy bugs destroyer, crab spider for Mealy bugs, lacewings for white flies, bigeyed bugs for whiteflies, and minute pirate bugs for white flies, Clitostethus arcuatus for white flies, Asian lady beetle for white flies, Encarsia formosa is available commercially, for red spider mites – Western predatory mite, Phytoseiulus persimilis, Natural enemies for Scale Insects – Twicestabbed lady beetle
Remedy: Pests in Gardens and Landscapes
Plant Character: Deer resistant
USDA Hardiness: 9 and 13b
Uses:
Maintenance: Moderate
Medicinal: No
Attraction:
Soil: Clay Soil, Dry Soil
Soil pH: Soil pH: What it Means, Soil: understanding pH and testing soil, Soil pH

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Plants and Flowers of India and Pune Hemigraphis Colorata Flame ivy

Hemigraphis colorata is native to countries in southeast Asia and India. It is a creeping herb. It is Perennial and requires a well drained but moist soil with a pH ranging from 6.1 to 7.5. A pH of 6.1 to 6.5 is mild acidic, where as pH ranging from 6.6 to 7.5 is neutral.  It is a shade loving plant. It is also called as Red ivy or flame ivy, Purple Waffle plant, Blume Metal leaf, Cemetery plant, in Sanskrit it is called as Vranaropani and in Malayalam it is called  as Murikooti  . Synonyms: colorata alternata. It is suitable for hanging baskets or as ground cover and can be easily grown by stem cuttings. Foliage is metallic silvery gray-green-purple above and purple on the back side. It has small white delicate flowers as shown in the photograph. The flowers tend to get hidden between leaves.It blooms from late spring to early fall. This plant can be grown indoors with sufficient light.  It grows in USDA zone 10a to 11. Please read the disclaimer This plant is medicinal Research Article ANTI-DIABETES AND HYPOGLYCAEMIC PROPERTIES OF HEMIGRAPHIS COLORATA IN RATS, Review on pharmacological activity of Hemigraphis colorata (Blume) H. G. Hallier, NCBI, Ayurvedic preparation from Azadirachtaindica, Terminaliachebula, Hemigraphiscolorata extracts and Its Antimicrobial investigation
Hemigraphis colorata Summary

Scientific Name: Hemigraphis Colorata
Common Name: Red ivy or flame ivy, Purple Waffle plant, Blume Metal leaf, Cemetery plant, in Sanskrit it is called as Vranaropani and in Malayalam it is called  as Murikooti
Indian Name: Sanskrit it is called as Vranaropani and in Malayalam it is called  as Murikooti
Pronunciation: hem-ee-GRAF-iss  kol-oh-RAY-tuh
Native to: Southeast Asia and India, Malaysia, Java
Found In: Southeast Asia and India, Malaysia, Java, America, Mexico
Sun Exposure: Partial Shade
Max Height: 10 Inches, Creeper
Drought-tolerant: No
Propagation Methods: Stem Cuttings
Bloom Color : White
Bloom Time: Spring to Late Summer, early Fall
Foliage: Purple, Metallic shades of Silver-blue-green-purple
Duration: Perennial
Invasive potential: Not invasive See Also Invasive plants, Invasive.org, SANBI, Invasive Plants — A Horticultural Perspective
Pests and Diseases: Relatively pests and Disease free, See also Plant Pests and Diseases, Plant health in gardens, Plant pests and diseases
Natural Enemy: NA, See also Natural Enemies Listed by Pest, Some Common Beneficial Predatory Thrips
Remedy: NA, See Also Pests in Gardens and Landscapes
Plant Character: Deer resistant
USDA Hardiness: 10a to 11
Uses: Ground Covers, Borders or hanging pots
Maintenance: Low
Medicinal: Yes, Please read the Disclaimer
Attraction:
Soil: Well drained but moist, Use Cocopeat,
Soil pH: Slightly Alkaline or Neutral pH range 6.1 to 7.5 , Soil pH: What it MeansSoil: understanding pH and testing soil, Soil pH

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Plants and Flowers of India and Pune Poinsettia Euphorbia Pulcherrima

The Poinsettia-Euphorbia pulcherrima is indigenous to Mexico and Central America. This plant is available in 2 varieties dwarf and normal. The normal variety can be exposed to full Sun, where as the dwarf should be kept in shade. Joel Roberts Poinsett a botanist, physician introduced the plant to the united states from Mexico, hence the plant is named after him. It is basically a shrub and a small tree. It is perennial and can be easily planted with stem cuttings. The showy colored parts of Poinsettia are actually leaves and not flowers. December 12th is Poinsettia Day. This plant is widely used in Christmas decorations and it has a distinct red and green foliage. The bracts (leaves) become red, pink, white or bi-color pink and white depending on the variety during winter as the days become shorter. Poinsettias need well drained soil. Before watering check the condition of the soil. If it is dry water the plant. Do not let the soil become soggy. Poinsettias are photo-periodic. meaning The term photo-periodic means the plant flowers or changes depending on the length of the day.
Poinsettia-Euphorbia pulcherrima
See Also: Controlling Photoperiod
Poinsettia Cultural Characteristics
Summary

Scientific Name: Euphorbia Pulcherrima
Common Name: Poinsettia
Indian Name:
Pronunciation: poin-set-ee-uh
Native to: Mexico
Found In:
Sun Exposure: Full Sun-some old tall varieties / Partial Shade – New Dwarf varieties
Max Height: 18 Inches –  dwarf, the older varieties grow up-to 4 meters
Drought-tolerant: No, They need well drained soil, let the soil dry a bit between watering
Propagation Methods: Stem cuttings
Bloom Color : Pink, White, Red, Orange, Cream
Bloom Time: December the plant is photo-periodic
Foliage: Evergreen
Duration:  Perennial
Invasive potential: Not Invasive, Invasive plants, Invasive.org, SANBI, Invasive Plants — A Horticultural Perspective
Pests and Diseases: Some Poinsettia diseasesPoinsettia Diseases and Their Control, Poinsettia Diseases
Plant Pests and Diseases, Plant health in gardens, Plant pests and diseases
Natural Enemy: Natural Enemies Listed by Pest, Some Common Beneficial Predatory Thrips
Remedy:  Pests in Gardens and Landscapes
Plant Character: Deer resistant
USDA Hardiness: 10
Uses: Pots
Maintenance: Low
Medicinal: No
Attraction:
Soil: Well drained
Soil pH:  5.5-6.5, Soil pH: What it MeansSoil: understanding pH and testing soil, Soil pH

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Plants and Flowers of India and Pune growing Dianthus chinensis China Pink

Dianthus is native mainly to Europe and Asia. Common names include carnation and sweet william. The species are mostly herbaceous perennials, a few are annual or biennial, and some are low subshrubs with woody basal stems. The name Dianthus is from the Greek words Dios (“of Zeus”) anthos (“flower”), and was cited by the Greek botanist Theophrastus.   Dianthus need full Sun and well drained soil, the soild should not be soggy. It would help if you allow the soil to dry slightly between watering. Soil pH should be neutral or alkaline. Dianthus grow between 6 to 18 inches. Dianthus plants do not need much maintenance. They are almost pests free. Dianthus can be easily grown from seeds. And it takes about 3 to 4 months for them to flower after planting. Dianthus come in the following colors Pink, Red, White and Purple.
See Also: Green House Production of Dianthus
Dianthus
Summary
Scientific Name: Dianthus chinensis
Common Name: China Pink, Dianthus, Indian Pink, Chinese pink, Rainbow Pink
Indian Name:
Pronunciation: dahy-an-thuh s
Native to: Northern China, Korea, Mongolia, and Southeastern Russia
Found In:
Sun Exposure: Full Sun / Partial Shade
Max Height: 12 Inches
Drought-tolerant: Yes, Needs well drained soil, Let the soil dry a bit between watering
Propagation Methods: Seeds, Division
Bloom Color : Pink, White, Purple, Red
Bloom Time: Throughout the year
Foliage: Ever Green
Duration:  Herbaceous Perennial
Invasive potential: Not Invasive, Invasive plants, Invasive.org, SANBI, Invasive Plants — A Horticultural Perspective
Pests and Diseases: Susceptible to Thrips and Aphids during production.Plant Pests and Diseases, Plant health in gardens, Plant pests and diseases
Natural Enemy: Convergent lady beetle Natural Enemies Listed by Pest, Some Common Beneficial Predatory Thrips
Remedy: For Thrips-Azadirachtin  (AzaMax, Safer Brand BioNeem), insecticidal soaps (Safer), narrow-range oil (Bonide Horticultural Oil, Monterey Horticultural Oil), neem oil (Green Light Neem, Schultz Garden Safe Brand Neem Oil), and pyrethrins, products combine with piperonyl butoxide (Ace Flower & Vegetable Insect Spray, Garden Tech Worry Free Brand Concentrate). Pests in Gardens and Landscapes
Abamectin
Plant Character: Deer resistant
USDA Hardiness: 7 to 10
Uses: Ground Covers, Borders or Potted displays
Maintenance: Low
Medicinal: No
Attraction:
Soil: Clay Soil, Dry Soil
Soil pH: Slightly Alkaline or Neutral , Soil pH: What it MeansSoil: understanding pH and testing soil, Soil pH

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